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The relationship between psychosocial factors and health outcomes of chronic diseases: a review of the evidence for cancer and cardiovascular diseases

Pikhart, H; Pikhartova, J; (2015) The relationship between psychosocial factors and health outcomes of chronic diseases: a review of the evidence for cancer and cardiovascular diseases. (Health Evidence Network synthesis report ). WHO Regional Office for Europe: Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Abstract

This report summarizes the best available evidence for a link between psychosocial factors and cardiovascular and cancer morbidity and mortality in Europe. A total of 1822 Medline and PubMed articles published in English since January 2000 were searched, identifying 37 systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Among the psychosocial factors repeatedly identified as related to chronic diseases, in and outside work, were high job demand, low autonomy, low control or high effort–reward imbalance, interpersonal conflicts, and low social support or low trust. The evidence suggests that multiple adverse psychosocial factors are independently associated with a range of adverse chronic diseases throughout adulthood. In addition, the social gradient in health observed throughout adulthood may partly operate through psychosocial factors on the pathway between socioeconomic characteristics and health. Psychosocial factors, therefore, might become part of complex total risk-reducing interventions focusing on multiple risk factors.

Type: Report
Title: The relationship between psychosocial factors and health outcomes of chronic diseases: a review of the evidence for cancer and cardiovascular diseases
ISBN-13: 9789289050838
Publisher version: http://www.euro.who.int/en/publications/abstracts/...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: cancer, chronic disease, cardiovascular diseases, evidence-based health care, psychosocial factors, social determinants of health
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1465071
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