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Integrating personality and social networks: A meta-analysis of personality, network position, and work outcomes in organizations

Fang, R; Landis, B; Zhang, Z; Anderson, MH; Shaw, JD; Kilduff, M; (2015) Integrating personality and social networks: A meta-analysis of personality, network position, and work outcomes in organizations. Organization Science , 26 (4) pp. 1243-1260. 10.1287/orsc.2015.0972. Green open access

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Abstract

Using data from 138 independent samples, we meta-analytically examined three research questions concerning the roles of personality and network position in organizations. First, how do different personality characteristics—self-monitoring and the Big Five traits—relate to indegree centrality and brokerage, the two most studied structurally advantageous positions in organizational networks? Second, how do indegree centrality and brokerage compare in explaining job performance and career success? Third, how do these personality variables and network positions relate to work outcomes? Our results showed that self-monitoring predicted indegree centrality (across expressive and instrumental networks) and brokerage (in expressive networks) after controlling for the Big Five traits. Self-monitoring, therefore, was especially relevant for understanding why people differ in their acquisition of advantageous positions in social networks. But the total variance explained by personality ranged between three and five percent. Surprisingly, we found that indegree centrality was more strongly related to job performance and career success than brokerage. We also found that personality predicted job performance and career success above and beyond network position, and that network position partially mediated the effects of certain personality variables on work outcomes. The paper provides an integrated view of how the individual’s personality and network position combine to influence job performance and career success.

Type: Article
Title: Integrating personality and social networks: A meta-analysis of personality, network position, and work outcomes in organizations
Location: USA
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1287/orsc.2015.0972
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2015.0972
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You are free to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt this work, but you must attribute this work as “Organization Science. Copyright 2015 INFORMS. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2015.0972, used under a Creative Commons Attribution License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Social networks, network position, structural holes, personality, self-monitoring, Big Five personality traits, meta-analysis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > UCL School of Management
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1464367
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