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Macro-regional scale of silver production in Iberia during the 1st millennium BC in the context of Mediterranean contacts.

Murillo-Barroso, MDLM; Montero-Ruiz, I., I; Rafel, N., N; Hunt, M., M; Armada, XL; (2016) Macro-regional scale of silver production in Iberia during the 1st millennium BC in the context of Mediterranean contacts. Oxford Journal of Archaeology , 35 (1) pp. 75-100. 10.1111/ojoa.12079. Green open access

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Abstract

The extraction of silver has been traditionally considered one of the main incentives for the Phoenician expansion through the Mediterranean and their settlement in Iberia. In this paper we approach the organization of silver production in Iberia during the Early Iron Age through the study of productive evidence currently available and the development of Lead Isotope Analysis (LIA). Previous results (Hunt, 2003; Stos Gale 2001; Kassianidou, 1992) are considered in the light of new data. The extraction of silver from complex minerals is conspicuously intensified in Southwest Iberia. Imports of exogenous lead, needed for the extraction of silver from these complex minerals, stand out. Flows of lead come in from other Iberian regions such as Gádor, Cartagena/Mazarrón, Linares or even the mining district of Molar-Belmunt-Falset (MBF) in Catalonia. This picture reveals an organization of silver production much more complex than initially thought, with the needed articulation of an exchange network of raw materials at a macro-territorial scale embracing almost all Iberia. Socioeconomic implications that control of these distributions networks of lead could have had are also discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Macro-regional scale of silver production in Iberia during the 1st millennium BC in the context of Mediterranean contacts.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/ojoa.12079
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ojoa.12079
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Murillo-Barroso, M., Montero-Ruiz, I., Rafel, N., Hunt Ortiz, M. A. and Armada, X.-L. (2016), The Macro-Regional Scale of Silver Production in Iberia During the First Millennium BC in the Context of Mediterranean Contacts. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 35: 75–100. doi: 10.1111/ojoa.12079], which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ojoa.12079. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Silver, Metallurgy, Lead Isotope Analysis, Early Iron Age, Iberia, Phoenicians.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1463631
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