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Urban Morphological Change Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Using Space Syntax

Ahmed, B; Hasan, R; Maniruzzaman, KM; (2014) Urban Morphological Change Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Using Space Syntax. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information , 3 (4) 1412 - 1444. 10.3390/ijgi3041412. Green open access

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Abstract

This article is based on a study of the morphological changes of Dhaka City, the capital of Bangladesh. The main objective of the research is to study the transformation of urban morphology in Dhaka City from 1947 to 2007. Three sample wards (18, 19 and 72) of Dhaka City Corporation are strategically selected as the study areas. Ward 72 has an indigenous type of organic settlement, whereas ward 19 is a planned area, and ward 18 represents a mixed (both planned and informal) type of settlement. In this research, the transformation of urban settlement pattern is examined through space syntax. The results show that the organic settlements (ward 72) are highly integrated both in terms of the local and global syntactic measures (lowest standard deviation for local and global integration, with the highest intelligibility values), and are more connectivity. The scenario is opposite in the case of planned settlements. The characteristics of mixed areas (ward 18) lie in between the organic and planned settlements. Therefore, in summary, it can be stated that the integration, connectivity and intelligibility measures of Dhaka City are found to be high, medium and low for the indigenous, mixed and planned settlement types; respectively.

Type: Article
Title: Urban Morphological Change Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Using Space Syntax
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi3041412
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijgi3041412
Language: English
Additional information: © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Urban morphology; space syntax; settlement pattern; street network; urban planning; GIS; Dhaka
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1463142
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