UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A panchromatic view of the restless SN 2009ip reveals the explosive ejection of a massive star envelope

Margutti, R; Milisavljevic, D; Soderberg, AM; Chornock, R; Zauderer, BA; Sanders, NE; Berger, E; ... Pritchard, T; + view all (2014) A panchromatic view of the restless SN 2009ip reveals the explosive ejection of a massive star envelope. Astrophysical Journal , 780 (1) 10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/21. Green open access

[thumbnail of Margutti et al. A Panchromatic  View .pdf]
Preview
Text
Margutti et al. A Panchromatic View .pdf

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

The double explosion of SN 2009ip in 2012 raises questions about our understanding of the late stages of massive star evolution. Here we present a comprehensive study of SN 2009ip during its remarkable rebrightenings. High-cadence photometric and spectroscopic observations from the GeV to the radio band obtained from a variety of ground-based and space facilities (including the Very Large Array, Swift, Fermi, Hubble Space Telescope, and XMM) constrain SN 2009ip to be a low energy (E ∼ 10 erg for an ejecta mass ∼0.5 M) and asymmetric explosion in a complex medium shaped by multiple eruptions of the restless progenitor star. Most of the energy is radiated as a result of the shock breaking out through a dense shell of material located at ∼5 × 10 cm with M ∼ 0.1 M, ejected by the precursor outburst ∼40 days before the major explosion. We interpret the NIR excess of emission as signature of material located further out, the origin of which has to be connected with documented mass-loss episodes in the previous years. Our modeling predicts bright neutrino emission associated with the shock break-out if the cosmic-ray energy is comparable to the radiated energy. We connect this phenomenology with the explosive ejection of the outer layers of the massive progenitor star, which later interacted with material deposited in the surroundings by previous eruptions. Future observations will reveal if the massive luminous progenitor star survived. Irrespective of whether the explosion was terminal, SN 2009ip brought to light the existence of new channels for sustained episodic mass loss, the physical origin of which has yet to be identified. © 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..

Type: Article
Title: A panchromatic view of the restless SN 2009ip reveals the explosive ejection of a massive star envelope
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/21
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/21
Language: English
Additional information: Post your accepted manuscript into an institutional or subject Repository after a 12-month embargo, regardless of which journal you Publish in (with reuse restrictions) – also known as green open access or self-archiving. There is no charge for this. This is applicable for all articles published in IOP journals.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1462515
Downloads since deposit
100Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item