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Changes in glass consumption in Pergamon (Turkey) from Hellenistic to late Byzantine and Islamic times

Rehren, T; Connolly, P; Schibille, N; Schwarzer, H; (2015) Changes in glass consumption in Pergamon (Turkey) from Hellenistic to late Byzantine and Islamic times. Journal of Archaeological Science , 55 266 - 279. 10.1016/j.jas.2014.12.025. Green open access

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Abstract

We present compositional data for nearly 100 glass samples from Pergamon, western Turkey, spanning 1500 years from the Hellenistic to Late Byzantine and Islamic periods. The data shows the use of already-known Roman glass groups during the first half of the time frame, for imported vessels as well as locally worked glass. No compositional change is seen related to the introduction of glass blowing for either of the glass groups in use during this time. During the first half of the 1st millennium AD, two previously little-known boron- and alumina-rich compositional groups emerge. These glass groups, thought to be regionally produced, dominate glass compositions in Pergamon during the mid-to late Byzantine and Islamic periods, indicating a major shift in glass supply and a fragmentation of the economy into more regional units. Plant-ash glass, from the 9th century AD replacing mineral natron glass in the Levant, plays only a minor role in Byzantine and Islamic Pergamon.

Type: Article
Title: Changes in glass consumption in Pergamon (Turkey) from Hellenistic to late Byzantine and Islamic times
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.12.025
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.12.025
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1462417
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