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Quantifying community severance - A literature review

Anciaes, PR; Jones, P; Mindell, JS; (2014) Quantifying community severance - A literature review. (Street Mobility and Network Accessibility Working Paper 02). University College London (UCL): London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Comparing with other local effects of transport planning, the issue of community severance (or "barrier effect") has been neglected by both policy-makers and researchers. Severance is usually defined as the separation of local communities by transport infrastructure or road traffic. In most countries, the issue is either not included in project appraisal or included using general qualitative scales. A diversity of methods for quantifying community severance has been proposed over the years, but these proposals have very rarely been implemented. This paper reviews the existing research on this topic, including government guidance documents for transport appraisal in several countries, reports to public authorities and academic and technical papers. The focus is on the methods to identify and measure the effects of transport infrastructure and road traffic on local mobility and accessibility, especially in the case of pedestrians. The challenges for the integration of these methods in actual transport planning are also identified.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Quantifying community severance - A literature review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/street-mobility/docs/ucl_str...
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1461385
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