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Effects of operating variables on durability of fuel briquettes from rice husks and corn cobs

Muazu, RI; Stegemann, JA; (2015) Effects of operating variables on durability of fuel briquettes from rice husks and corn cobs. Fuel Processing Technology , 133 pp. 137-145. 10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.01.022. Green open access

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Abstract

Biomass densification processes increase fuel energy density for more efficient transport. This study presents new data to show that blending different types of biomass improves the properties of densified biomass briquettes. The specific objectives were to investigate the effects of sample batch (biomass source), material ratio (rice husks to corn cobs), addition of binder (starch and water mixture) and compaction pressure, on briquette properties, using a factorial experiment. Briquettes had a unit density of up to 1.9 times the loose biomass bulk density, and were stronger than briquettes from the individual materials. Considering average values from two biomass sources, an unconfined compressive strength of 176 kPa was achieved at a compaction pressure of 31 MPa for a 3:7 blend of rice husks to corn cobs with 10% binder. These briquettes were durable, with only 4% mass loss during abrasion and 10% mass loss during shattering tests. They absorbed 36% less water than loose corn cobs. Statistical analysis of the results showed that starch and water addition was required for adequate briquette strength, but significantly reduced green and relaxed densities. The source of the biomass had a significant effect on densification, which emphasises the need to understand factors underlying biomass variability.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of operating variables on durability of fuel briquettes from rice husks and corn cobs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.01.022
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.01.022
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright Elsevier 2015. This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the author.
Keywords: Fuel, Briquettes, Rice husks, Corn cobs, Density, Durability
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1461044
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