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Brittle Cornea Syndrome ZNF469 mutation carrier phenotype and segregation analysis of rare ZNF469 variants in familial Keratoconus.

Davidson, AE; Borasio, E; Liskova, P; Khan, AO; Hassan, H; Cheetham, ME; Plangol, V; ... Hardcastle, AJ; + view all (2015) Brittle Cornea Syndrome ZNF469 mutation carrier phenotype and segregation analysis of rare ZNF469 variants in familial Keratoconus. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science , 56 pp. 578-586. 10.1167/iovs.14-15792. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: Brittle cornea syndrome 1 (BCS1) is a rare recessive condition characterised by extreme thinning of the cornea and sclera, caused by mutations in ZNF469. Keratoconus is a relatively common disease characterised by progressive thinning and ectasia of the cornea. The aetiology of keratoconus is complex and not yet understood, but rare ZNF469 variants have recently been associated with disease. We investigated the phenotype of BCS1 carriers with known pathogenic ZNF469 mutations, and recruited families in which aggregation of keratoconus was observed to establish if rare variants in ZNF469 segregated with disease. Methods: Patients and family members were recruited and underwent comprehensive anterior segment examination including corneal topography. Blood samples were donated and genomic DNA was extracted. The coding sequence and splice sites of ZNF469 were PCR amplified and Sanger sequenced. Results: Four carriers of three BCS1-associated ZNF469 loss-of-function mutations (p.[ Glu1392Ter], p.[Gln1930Argfs*6], p.[Gln1930fs*133]) were examined and none had keratoconus. One carrier had partially penetrant features of BCS1, including joint hypermobility. ZNF469 sequencing in 11 keratoconus families identified 9 rare (MAF≤0.025) variants predicted to be potentially damaging. However, in each instance the rare variant(s) identified, including two previously reported as potentially keratoconus-associated, did not segregate with the disease. Conclusions: The presence of heterozygous loss-of-function alleles in the ZNF469 gene did not cause keratoconus in the individuals examined. None of the rare non-synonymous ZNF469 variants identified in the familial cohort conferred a high risk of keratoconus, therefore, genetic variants contributing to disease pathogenesis in these 11 families remain to be identified.

Type: Article
Title: Brittle Cornea Syndrome ZNF469 mutation carrier phenotype and segregation analysis of rare ZNF469 variants in familial Keratoconus.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.14-15792
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15792
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright 2015 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1460669
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