UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Distribution of melanopsin positive neurons in pigmented and albino mice: evidence for melanopsin interneurons in the mouse retina.

Valiente-Soriano, FJ; García-Ayuso, D; Ortín-Martínez, A; Jiménez-López, M; Galindo-Romero, C; Villegas-Pérez, MP; Agudo-Barriuso, M; ... Vidal-Sanz, M; + view all (2014) Distribution of melanopsin positive neurons in pigmented and albino mice: evidence for melanopsin interneurons in the mouse retina. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy , 8 , Article 131. 10.3389/fnana.2014.00131. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
fnana-08-00131.pdf

Download (3MB)

Abstract

Here we have studied the population of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) in adult pigmented and albino mice. Our data show that although pigmented (C57Bl/6) and albino (Swiss) mice have a similar total number of ipRGCs, their distribution is slightly different: while in pigmented mice ipRGCs are more abundant in the temporal retina, in albinos the ipRGCs are more abundant in superior retina. In both strains, ipRGCs are located in the retinal periphery, in the areas of lower Brn3a(+)RGC density. Both strains also contain displaced ipRGCs (d-ipRGCs) in the inner nuclear layer (INL) that account for 14% of total ipRGCs in pigmented mice and 5% in albinos. Tracing from both superior colliculli shows that 98% (pigmented) and 97% (albino) of the total ipRGCs, become retrogradely labeled, while double immunodetection of melanopsin and Brn3a confirms that few ipRGCs express this transcription factor in mice. Rather surprisingly, application of a retrograde tracer to the optic nerve (ON) labels all ipRGCs, except for a sub-population of the d-ipRGCs (14% in pigmented and 28% in albino, respectively) and melanopsin positive cells residing in the ciliary marginal zone (CMZ) of the retina. In the CMZ, between 20% (pigmented) and 24% (albino) of the melanopsin positive cells are unlabeled by the tracer and we suggest that this may be because they fail to send an axon into the ON. As such, this study provides the first evidence for a population of melanopsin interneurons in the mammalian retina.

Type: Article
Title: Distribution of melanopsin positive neurons in pigmented and albino mice: evidence for melanopsin interneurons in the mouse retina.
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fnana.2014.00131
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2014.00131
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2014 Valiente-Soriano, García-Ayuso, Ortín-Martínez, Jiménez-López, Galindo-Romero, Villegas-Pérez, Agudo-Barriuso, Vugler and Vidal-Sanz. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution and reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Keywords: Brn3a, OHSt-tracing, ciliary marginal zone, displaced intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells, interneuron, melanopsin retinal ganglion cells, retinal topography, spatial distribution
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1458424
Downloads since deposit
64Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item