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Transparency in the Extractive Industries: Time to Ask for More

Bleischwitz, R; (2014) Transparency in the Extractive Industries: Time to Ask for More. Global Environmental Politics , 14 (4) 1 - 9. 10.1162/GLEP_e_00254. Green open access

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Abstract

The quest for transparency spans countries, policymakers, NGOs, and industries.Transparency can be defined as disclosing to the public, in a timely and reliable manner, information that governments and/or corporations previously con-sidered confidential. Recent examples include the Carbon Disclosure Project,the Aarhus convention on access to environmental information, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its provisions on global genetically modified organism flows, and a wide array of financial information (e.g., in the G8 declaration of Lough Erne in 2013). Stemming from the “right to know,”advocates from NGOs and development organizations view transparency as a cure for corruption and a benefit for democratic accountability; transparency should lead to stakeholder empowerment and improve legitimacy, learning, investment certainty, and better governance. In this article I look at the efforts to establish financial transparency as a norm for the extractive sector. This sector is important because its activities are accompanied by a high level of corruption, especially in resource-rich developing countries. I show that those efforts are not enough and there is good evidence to demand more. I argue that such transparency norms should be extended to environmental pressures in order to facilitate progress on the circular economy and resource efficiency. My conclusions point at synergies between knowledge generation across financial and environmental information.

Type: Article
Title: Transparency in the Extractive Industries: Time to Ask for More
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1162/GLEP_e_00254
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/GLEP_e_00254
Additional information: Copyright© 2014 The MIT Press.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1454064
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