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Isolation-by-distance, homophily, and “core” vs. “package” cultural evolution models in Neolithic Europe

Shennan, S; Crema, ER; Kerig, T; (2015) Isolation-by-distance, homophily, and “core” vs. “package” cultural evolution models in Neolithic Europe. Evolution and Human Behavior , 36 (2) pp. 103-109. 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.006. Green open access

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Abstract

Recently there has been growing interest in characterising population structure in cultural data in the context of ongoing debates about the potential of cultural group selection as an evolutionary process. Here we use archaeological data for this purpose, which brings in a temporal as well as spatial dimension. We analyse two distinct material cultures (pottery and personal ornaments) from Neolithic Europe, in order to: a) determine whether archaeologically defined “cultures” exhibit marked discontinuities in space and time, supporting the existence of a population structure, or merely isolation-by-distance; and b) investigate the extent to which cultures can be conceived as structuring “cores” or as multiple and historically independent “packages”. Our results support the existence of a robust population structure comparable to previous studies on human culture, and shows how the two material cultures exhibit profound differences in their spatial and temporal structuring, signalling different evolutionary trajectories.

Type: Article
Title: Isolation-by-distance, homophily, and “core” vs. “package” cultural evolution models in Neolithic Europe
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.006
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.0...
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Keywords: cultural evolution, archaeology, neolithic europe, population structure, isolation by distance, homophily
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1450105
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