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Social inequalities and cardiovascular disease in South Asians

Zaman, M.J.; Brunner, E.; (2008) Social inequalities and cardiovascular disease in South Asians. Heart , 94 (4) pp. 406-407. 10.1136/hrt.2007.127480. Green open access

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Abstract

The epidemiological transition provides a temporal framework for thinking about the decline of infectious disease and the rise in cardiovascular and other chronic diseases.1 In Europe, the transition began in the late 19th century with improved sanitation and housing, and controls on food adulteration. Continuing public health measures such as vaccination2 contributed to the steep rise in life expectancy during the 20th century, paralleled by a sharp increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In South Asia, the epidemiological transition is taking place against a background of economic globalisation that has greatly increased the size of the urban poor and middle classes, at the same time leaving many millions to continue living on the land at subsistence level. Development is socially and regionally uneven, and so too are the common causes of morbidity and mortality. There is a double burden of disease in the countries of South Asia, characterised by a combination of pandemic infectious disease and high rates of cardiovascular disease. That India’s burden of coronary disease was approaching a similar magnitude to that of the established market economies was demonstrabed as long ago as 1990.3

Type: Article
Title: Social inequalities and cardiovascular disease in South Asians
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/hrt.2007.127480
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/hrt.2007.127480
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/14483
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