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A Novel Method for Implementation of Frameless StereoEEG in Epilepsy Surgery

Nowell, M; Rodionov, R; Diehl, B; Wehner, T; Zombori, G; Kinghorn, J; Ourselin, S; ... McEvoy, A; + view all (2014) A Novel Method for Implementation of Frameless StereoEEG in Epilepsy Surgery. Neurosurgery , 10 525- 534. 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000544. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an invasive diagnostic procedure in epilepsy surgery that is usually implemented with frame-based methods. OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique of frameless SEEG and report a prospective case series at a single center. METHODS: Image integration and planning of electrode trajectories were performed preoperatively on specialized software and exported to a Medtronic S7 StealthStation. Trajectories were implemented by frameless stereotaxy using percutaneous drilling and bolt insertion. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients went this technique, with the insertion of 187 intracerebral electrodes. Of 187 electrodes, 175 accurately reached their neurophysiological target, as measured by postoperative computed tomography reconstruction and multimodal image integration with preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Four electrodes failed to hit their target due to extradural deflection, and 3 were subsequently resited satisfactorily. Eight electrodes were off target by a mean of 3.6 mm (range, 0.9-6.8 mm) due to a combination of errors in bolt trajectory implementation and bending of the electrode. There was 1 postoperative hemorrhage that was clinically asymptomatic and no postoperative infections. Sixteen patients were offered definitive cortical resections, and 6 patients were excluded from resective surgery. CONCLUSION: Frameless SEEG is a novel and safe method for implementing SEEG and is easily translated into clinical practice. ABBREVIATIONS: EA, accuracy of electrode delivery

Type: Article
Title: A Novel Method for Implementation of Frameless StereoEEG in Epilepsy Surgery
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000544
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000544
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1447460
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