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Evidence for a learning bias against saltatory phonological alternations

White, J; (2014) Evidence for a learning bias against saltatory phonological alternations. Cognition , 130 (1) 96 - 115. 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.09.008. Green open access

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Abstract

This study provides new experimental evidence that people learn phonological alternations in a biased way. Adult participants were exposed to alternations between phonetically dissimilar sounds (i.e., those differing in both voicing and manner, such as [p] and [v]). After learning these alternations, participants assumed, without evidence in the input, that more similar sounds (e.g., [b] and [v]) also alternated (Exp. 1). Even when provided with explicit evidence that dissimilar sounds (e.g., [p] and [v]) alternated but similar sounds ([b] and [v]) did not, participants tended to make errors in assuming that the similar sounds also alternated (Exp. 2). By comparison, a control group of participants found it easier to learn the opposite pattern, where similar sounds alternated but dissimilar sounds did not. The results are taken as evidence that learners have a soft bias, considering alternations between perceptually similar sounds to be more likely. Evidence for a learning bias against saltatory phonological alternations. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/258428172_Evidence_for_a_learning_bias_against_saltatory_phonological_alternations [accessed Jun 8, 2015].

Type: Article
Title: Evidence for a learning bias against saltatory phonological alternations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.09.008
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2013.09.008
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Linguistics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1447054
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