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Characteristics of Candida isolates from patients with diabetes mellitus.

Manfredi, M.; (2006) Characteristics of Candida isolates from patients with diabetes mellitus. Doctoral thesis , University of London. Green open access

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Abstract

The present research has investigated the molecular characterization of oral yeasts in healthy individuals from different dental clinical settings in the United Kingdom, and patients from the UK and Italy who were affected by diabetes mellitus (DM) to determine the impact of DM upon candidal infection of the mouth. In the present study of patients with DM from the UK and Italy a lower than expected incidence of oral candidal infections (7/249, 2.8%) was observed. The presence of oral yeasts and genotypic diversity of C. albicans was also not influenced by DM. There was no significant difference between the presence of oral yeasts in Italian and UK DM patients. However, more (p=0.04) C. dubliniensis isolates were found in non-DM individuals. Higher levels of Candida adhesion to fibronectin-coated paramagnetic beads were observed in isolates from DM patients. Isolates from patients with low oral yeast loads adhered significantly (p=0.0T) more than those from patients with high oral yeast loads. In general, there was no difference in proteolytic activity of isolates from DM or control patients. Candida isolates from UK DM patients had significantly greater in vitro resistance to azole antifungal agents (miconazole p<0.0001 fluconazole p=0.02 ketoconazole p=0.01) than those from Italian DM patients. In addition, C. albicans isolates from all examined patients were more susceptible to fluconazole (p=0.0008) and miconazole (p=0.01) than non-C. albicans strains. PCR fingerprinting and subsequent phylogenetic analysis revealed that C. albicans isolates from UK DM patients were the most diverse (p<0.0001) in comparison to those from Italian DM patients or from healthy subjects. Finally, it was observed that the activity of a rat IgM monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody (mAbKlO) and a synthetic decapeptide (KP) had a significant dose- dependant fungicidal activity upon a wide spectrum of C. albicans and non-C albicans isolates from patients with and without DM.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Characteristics of Candida isolates from patients with diabetes mellitus.
Identifier: PQ ETD:592277
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest. Third party copyright material has been removed from the ethesis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1444965
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