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Economy, corruption or floating voters? Explaining the breakthroughs of anti-establishment reform parties in Eastern Europe

Hanley, SL; Sikk, A; (2014) Economy, corruption or floating voters? Explaining the breakthroughs of anti-establishment reform parties in Eastern Europe. Presented at: ECPR General Conference, Glasgow. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper discusses a new group of parties that we term anti-establishment reform parties (AERPs), which combine moderate social and economic policies with anti-establishment appeals and a desire to change the way politics is conducted. We analyse the electoral breakthroughs of AERPs in Eastern Europe (CEE), the region where AERPs have so been most successful. Examples include the Simeon II National Movement, GERB (Bulgaria), Res Publica (Estonia), New Era (Latvia), TOP09 and Public Affairs (Czech Republic) and Positive Slovenia. We examine the conditions under which such parties broke through in nine CEE states in 1997-2012 using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA). We find five sufficient causal paths combining high or rising corruption, rising unemployment and party system instability. Rising corruption plays a key role in most pathways but, unexpectedly, AERP breakthroughs are more closely associated with economic good times than bad.

Type: Conference item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title: Economy, corruption or floating voters? Explaining the breakthroughs of anti-establishment reform parties in Eastern Europe
Event: ECPR General Conference
Location: Glasgow
Dates: 04 September 2014
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Elections, Europe (Central and Eastern), European Politics, Political Competition, Political Parties, Qualitative Comparative Analysis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > SSEES
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1437916
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