UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

"The lake is our office": Fisheries resources in rural livelihoods and local governance on the Rufiji River floodplain, Tanzania

Moreau, M; (2014) "The lake is our office": Fisheries resources in rural livelihoods and local governance on the Rufiji River floodplain, Tanzania. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
FINAL-THESIS-Marie-Annick Moreau.pdf

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

This thesis provides an analysis of the livelihood role of aquatic resources on an African floodplain, examining the economic, social and historical dimensions of local freshwater fisheries amid growing uncertainty over land and water tenure. The aim is to document who depends most on the resource and how. The contribution is both practical—in demonstrating the value of the current livelihood system to rural inhabitants—and theoretical, in putting forward a more ethnographically informed analysis of livelihoods by examining the social relations and cultural values structuring access to the fishery and market, and management efforts. Fieldwork focused on three villages sharing access to a permanent lake and adjacent wetlands. A structured questionnaire confirmed that half of all households in the area relied on the sector as a key income source. Individuals’ and households’ asset holdings, demographic characteristics, and wealth ranks had limited influence on these participation and reliance patterns, reflecting the ubiquity of fisheries in local livelihoods. A household survey of aquatic resource use across one year showed that people depended on a variety local freshwater fish species as their main animal protein source, with poor households consuming the least. Fishermen surveyed at the fishing camps could be distinguised by their gear choice, with the decision to participate in commercial fishing related more to lifestyle factors than asset holdings. Although a handful of individuals owned the largest commercial nets in the area, they did not monopolise supply, with a commodity chain analysis revealing the regional fish trade to be an equitable and accessible livelihood option. Through interviews and observations at village meetings, the performance of local institutions in managing the lake fishery was revealed to be hampered by unclear borders, petty corruption, and leaders’ limited accountability, the latter due in part to cultural notions of equity and forgiveness.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: "The lake is our office": Fisheries resources in rural livelihoods and local governance on the Rufiji River floodplain, Tanzania
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Aquatic resources, Livelihoods, Africa, Fisheries management, Fish trade
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1434332
Downloads since deposit
263Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item