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Medical students' attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities: a literature review

Ryan, TA; Scior, K; (2014) Medical students' attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities: a literature review. Res Dev Disabil , 35 (10) 2316 - 2328. 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.05.019. Green open access

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Abstract

The present paper provides a review of research on medical students' attitudes to people with intellectual disabilities. The attitudes of medical students warrant empirical attention because their future work may determine people with intellectual disabilities' access to healthcare and exposure to health inequalities. An electronic search of Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science was completed to identify papers published up to August 2013. Twenty-four studies were identified, most of which evaluated the effects of pedagogical interventions on students' attitudes. Results suggested that medical students' attitudes to people with intellectual disabilities were responsive to interventions. However, the evidence is restricted due to research limitations, including poor measurement, self-selection bias, and the absence of control groups when evaluating interventions. Thus, there is a dearth of high-quality research on this topic, and past findings should be interpreted with caution. Future research directions are provided.

Type: Article
Title: Medical students' attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities: a literature review
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.05.019
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2014.05.019
Language: English
Additional information: © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Keywords: Attitudes, Health inequalities, Healthcare, Intellectual disabilities, Medical students
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1433507
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