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Gender differences in intimate partner violence and psychiatric disorders in England: results from the 2007 adult psychiatric morbidity survey

Jonas, S; Khalifeh, H; Bebbington, PE; McManus, S; Brugha, T; Meltzer, H; Howard, LM; (2013) Gender differences in intimate partner violence and psychiatric disorders in England: results from the 2007 adult psychiatric morbidity survey. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences , 23 (2) pp. 189-199. 10.1017/S2045796013000292. Green open access

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Abstract

To assess the extent to which being a victim of intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with psychiatric disorders in men and women. A stratified multistage random sample was used in the third English psychiatric morbidity survey. Psychiatric disorders were measured by the Clinical Interview Schedule (Revised) and screening questionnaires. IPV was measured using British Crime Survey questions. 18.7% (95% CI 17.1–20.4; n = 595 of 3197) of men had experienced some form of IPV compared with 27.8% of women (95% CI 26.2–29.4; n = 1227 of 4206; p < 0.001). IPV was associated with all disorders measured (except eating disorders in men). Physical IPV was significantly linked to psychosis and with substance and alcohol disorders in men and women, but significant associations with common mental disorders (CMDs), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and eating disorders were restricted to women. Emotional IPV was associated with CMDs in men and women. The high prevalence of experiences of partner violence, and strength of the association with every disorder assessed, suggests enquiry about partner violence is important in identifying a potential risk and maintenance factor for psychiatric disorders, and to ascertain safety, particularly in women as they are at greatest risk of being victims of violence.

Type: Article
Title: Gender differences in intimate partner violence and psychiatric disorders in England: results from the 2007 adult psychiatric morbidity survey
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S2045796013000292
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796013000292
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Psychiatry, PSYCHIATRY, SCI, PSYCHIATRY, SSCI, psychotic disorders, intimate partner violence, common mental disorders, eating disorders, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, LONGITUDINAL COHORT, FAMILY PREDICTORS, NATIONAL SAMPLE, MENTAL-HEALTH, SEXUAL-ABUSE, WOMEN, RISK, AGGRESSION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > IoN RLW Inst of Neurological Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1431461
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