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Pre-exposure of repeated search configurations facilitates subsequent contextual cuing of visual search

Beesley, M; Vadillo, MA; Pearson, D; Shanks, DR; (2015) Pre-exposure of repeated search configurations facilitates subsequent contextual cuing of visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , 41 (2) pp. 348-362. 10.1037/xlm0000033. Green open access

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Abstract

Contextual cuing is the enhancement of visual search when the configuration of distractors has been experienced previously. It has been suggested that contextual cuing relies on associative learning between the distractor locations and the target position. Four experiments examined the effect of pre-exposing configurations of consistent distractors on subsequent contextual cuing. The findings demonstrate a facilitation of subsequent cuing for pre-exposed configurations compared to novel configurations that have not been pre-exposed. This suggests that learning of repeated visual search patterns involves acquisition of not just distractor-target associations, but also associations between distractors within the search context, an effect that is not captured by the Brady and Chun (2007) connectionist model of contextual cuing. A new connectionist model of contextual cuing is proposed that learns associations between repeated distractor stimuli, enabling it to predict an effect of pre-exposure on contextual cuing.

Type: Article
Title: Pre-exposure of repeated search configurations facilitates subsequent contextual cuing of visual search
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1037/xlm0000033
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000033
Language: English
Additional information: © 2014 American Psychological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1428694
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