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A Viable Isolated Tissue System: A Tool for Detailed MR Measurements and Controlled Perturbations in Physiologically Stable Tissue

Richardson, S; (2014) A Viable Isolated Tissue System: A Tool for Detailed MR Measurements and Controlled Perturbations in Physiologically Stable Tissue. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The research presented in this thesis revolves around developing, testing and applications of a tool for the development and assessment of diffusion weighted MRI and methods. The tool is a viable isolated tissue (VIT) maintenance chamber. The chamber was designed to maintain a section of rat optic nerve white matter in a stable state, as close to in vivo conditions as possible, while removing all of the confounding problems of imaging such tissue in a live animal. The chamber was designed to fit into a small volume coil in a high field horizontal bore MRI scanner and to enable extended periods of in depth, detailed experimentation. Additive layer manufacturing was used to construct the chamber. A series of validation experiments were conducted to demonstrate the performance of the chamber and the stability of optic nerves maintained within it. Fixed samples have been used extensively in diffusion MRI (dMRI) studies. However, fixation causes significant structural changes in tissue. The chamber was used to evaluate fixed white matter as a surrogate for viable white matter during development and validation of dMRI methods. Diffusion tensors and multi-compartment white matter signal models were fit to the data. The data demonstrated that fixed tissue, while maintaining the broad water environment of viable tissue, differs significantly in diffusion parameters. The chamber was further developed to enable in MRI electrophysiological stimulation and recording from the rat optic nerve. This EP-MRI chamber was designed to enable investigation of the existence of a dMRI measurable structural change in the tissue upon electrical activation. The functional diffusion MRI (dfMRI) signal could be more specific to in vivo functional activation that the gold-standard fMRI method which measures blood oxygenation levels to produce contrast. Preliminary data suggests that a purely structural dfMRI effect, though marginal, may be present in this simplified system.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: A Viable Isolated Tissue System: A Tool for Detailed MR Measurements and Controlled Perturbations in Physiologically Stable Tissue
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: MRI, Diffusion MRI, Viable Isolated Tissue, Additive Layer Manufacturing, Chemical Fixation, Functional Diffusion MRI, Modelling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1426205
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