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The Structure of Spatial Networks and Communities in Bicycle Sharing Systems

Austwick, MZ; O'Brien, O; Strano, E; Viana, M; (2013) The Structure of Spatial Networks and Communities in Bicycle Sharing Systems. PLOS One , 8 (9) , Article e74685. 10.1371/journal.pone.0074685. Green open access

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Abstract

Bicycle sharing systems exist in hundreds of cities around the world, with the aim of providing a form of public transport with the associated health and environmental benefits of cycling without the burden of private ownership and maintenance. Five cities have provided research data on the journeys (start and end time and location) taking place in their bicycle sharing system. In this paper, we employ visualization, descriptive statistics and spatial and network analysis tools to explore system usage in these cities, using techniques to investigate features specific to the unique geographies of each, and uncovering similarities between different systems. Journey displacement analysis demonstrates similar journey distances across the cities sampled, and the (out)strength rank curve for the top 50 stands in each city displays a similar scaling law for each. Community detection in the derived network can identify local pockets of use, and spatial network corrections provide the opportunity for insight above and beyond proximity/popularity correlations predicted by simple spatial interaction models.

Type: Article
Title: The Structure of Spatial Networks and Communities in Bicycle Sharing Systems
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074685
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074685
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2013 Zaltz Austwick et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Network analysis, Data visualization, Entropy, Roads, Finance, Rivers, Behavioral geography, Seasons
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1423657
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