UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Performance of multiparametric MRI in men at risk of prostate cancer before the first biopsy: a paired validating cohort study using template prostate mapping biopsies as the reference standard

Abd-Alazeez, M; Kirkham, A; Ahmed, HU; Arya, M; Anastasiadis, E; Charman, SC; Freeman, A; (2014) Performance of multiparametric MRI in men at risk of prostate cancer before the first biopsy: a paired validating cohort study using template prostate mapping biopsies as the reference standard. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Disease , 17 (1) pp. 40-46. 10.1038/pcan.2013.43. Green open access

[thumbnail of Multiparametric_MRI.docx] MS Word
Multiparametric_MRI.docx

Download (97kB)
[thumbnail of Figures] MS Word (Figures)
Multiparametric_MRI_Figures.docx

Download (403kB)
[thumbnail of Table] MS Word (Table)
Multiparametric_MRI_Tables.docx

Download (27kB)

Abstract

Background:Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has the potential to serve as a non-invasive triage test for men at risk of prostate cancer. Our objective was to determine the performance characteristics of mpMRI in men at risk before the first biopsy using 5 mm template prostate mapping (TPM) as the reference standard. Methods:One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive men with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer, who had no prior biopsy, underwent mpMRI (T1/T2-weighted, diffusion-weighting, dynamic contrast enhancement) followed by TPM. The primary analysis used were as follows: (a) radiological scores of suspicion of 3 attributed from a five-point ordinal scale, (b) a target condition on TPM of any Gleason pattern 4 and/or a maximum cancer core length of 4 mm and (c) two sectors of analysis per prostate (right and left prostate halves). Secondary analyses evaluated the impact of changing the mpMRI score threshold to 4 and varying the target definition for clinical significance. Results:One hundred and forty-one out of 258 (55%) sectors of analysis showed 'any cancer' and 77/258 (30%) had the target histological condition for the purpose of deriving the primary outcome. Median (with range) for age, PSA, gland volume and number of biopsies taken were 62 years (41-82), 5.8 ng ml(-1) (1.2-20), 40 ml (16-137) and 41 cores (20-93), respectively. For the primary outcome sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and area under the receiver-operating curve (with 95% confidence intervals) were 94% (88-99%), 23% (17-29%), 34% (28-40%), 89% (79-98%) and 0.72 (0.65-0.79), respectively. Conclusions:MpMRI demonstrated encouraging diagnostic performance characteristics in detecting and ruling out clinically significant prostate cancer in men at risk, who were biopsy naive.

Type: Article
Title: Performance of multiparametric MRI in men at risk of prostate cancer before the first biopsy: a paired validating cohort study using template prostate mapping biopsies as the reference standard
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/pcan.2013.43
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pcan.2013.43
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1418956
Downloads since deposit
278Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item