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Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in the USA, the UK and Australia: an international survey

Dodd, RH; McCaffery, KJ; Marlow, LA; Ostini, R; Zimet, GD; Waller, J; (2014) Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in the USA, the UK and Australia: an international survey. Sexually Transmitted Infections 10.1136/sextrans-2013-051402. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: To measure knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in the USA, the UK and Australia. Methods: Participants in the USA, UK and Australia completed an anonymous web-based survey measuring awareness and knowledge of HPV (n=2409). We report analyses on a subsample of 1473 men and women in the USA (n=617), UK (n=404) and Australia (n=452) who had heard of HPV and completed questions about HPV testing. Results: Overall, 50% of the sample (742/1473) had heard of HPV testing. Awareness of HPV testing was higher in the USA (62%) than in the UK (44%) and Australia (40%) (p<0.001). Among those who had heard of HPV testing, the mean knowledge score (out of 6) was 2.78 (SD: 1.49). No significant differences in knowledge score were found between the countries but, overall, women scored significantly higher than men (2.96 vs 2.52, p<0.001). Conclusions: Awareness of HPV testing among people who have heard of HPV is higher in the USA than in the UK and Australia, but overall knowledge is low. This has important implications in those countries where HPV testing is being used in cervical screening. Increasing knowledge about the implications of HPV test results may help minimise any negative psychological consequences associated with HPV testing. Raising awareness in men could become increasingly important if HPV testing is introduced into the management of other cancers where HPV plays an aetiological role.

Type: Article
Title: Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in the USA, the UK and Australia: an international survey
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2013-051402
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2013-051402
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
Keywords: HPV, Screening, Testing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1418685
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