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Power Optimized Transceivers for Future Switched Networks

Audzevich, Y; Watts, PM; West, A; Mujumdar, A; Moore, SW; Moore, AW; (2013) Power Optimized Transceivers for Future Switched Networks. IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems , PP (99) - . 10.1109/TVLSI.2013.2283300. Green open access

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Abstract

Network equipment power consumption is under increased scrutiny. To understand and decompose transceiver power consumption, we have created a toolkit incorporating a library of transceiver circuits in 45-nm CMOS and MOS current mode logic (MCML) and characterize power consumption using representative network traffic traces with digital synthesis and SPICE tools. Our toolkit includes all the components required to construct a library of different transceivers: line coding, frame alignment, channel bonding, serialization and deserialization, clock–data recovery, and clock generation. For optical transceivers, we show that photonic components and front end drivers only consume a small fraction (<22%) of total serial transceiver power. This implies that major reductions in optical transceiver power can only be obtained by paying attention to the physical layer circuits such as clock recovery and serial–parallel conversions. We propose a burst-mode physical layer protocol suitable for optically switched links that retains the beneficial transmission characteristics of 8b/10b, but, even without power gating and voltage controlled oscillator power optimization, reduces the power consumption during idle periods by 29% compared with a conventional 8b/10b transceiver. We have made the toolkit available to the community at large in the hope of stimulating work in this field.

Type: Article
Title: Power Optimized Transceivers for Future Switched Networks
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TVLSI.2013.2283300
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVLSI.2013.2283300
Language: English
Additional information: © 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material (accepted version) is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: CMOS integrated circuits, encoding, libraries, optical packet switching, optical transmitters, power demand, transceivers, energy efficiency, open source, physical line coding, toolkit
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1418477
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