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Dimensionally and compositionally controlled growth of calcium phosphate nanowires for bone tissue regeneration

Reardon, PJT; Handoko, AD; Li, L; Huang, J; Tang, J; (2013) Dimensionally and compositionally controlled growth of calcium phosphate nanowires for bone tissue regeneration. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY B , 1 (44) 6170 - 6176. 10.1039/c3tb21073a. Green open access

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Abstract

Nanostructured biomaterials with controlled morphology and composition are of high interest for bone tissue regeneration. As resorbable and biocompatible materials for bone tissue engineering, calcium phosphate nanowires and nanoneedles with different aspect ratios and compositions have been first synthesized without the use of any toxic surfactants via an energy efficient microwave assisted process. Correlation between solvent composition, mixing methodology and reagent stoichiometric ratios was investigated with the aim of producing orientated growth and varied biphasic composition, resulting in dimensionally controlled growth of materials containing varying hydroxyapatite (HA)/monetite quantities. It was observed that the HA/monetite content and dimensionality could be manipulated by changing the initial ethanol (EtOH) volume in the H2O/EtOH solvent mixture. Three dimensional particles with minute amounts of HA were produced when a H2O/EtOH volumetric ratio of 20/80 was used. Conversely, high aspect ratio (ca. 54) nanowires containing ca. 38 wt% HA were obtained with a 60/40 H2O/EtOH volumetric ratio. Importantly, the quantity of HA in the high aspect ratio nanowires/needles was controlled by varying the stoichiometric ratio of the reactants, demonstrating that one-dimensional materials with close to 100% HA can be achieved when the Ca/P ratio is increased to 1.67. Additionally, significant correlation between the extent of orientated growth of the materials and the point of EtOH addition during the mixing method was observed. The findings highlight that solvent composition, reactant stoichiometric ratio and mixing procedure can be used in tandem to tailor the morphology and composition of calcium phosphate materials, which are of very high importance in developing excellent materials suitable for bone tissue regeneration.

Type: Article
Title: Dimensionally and compositionally controlled growth of calcium phosphate nanowires for bone tissue regeneration
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c3tb21073a
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3tb21073a
Additional information: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013. This Open Access Article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1409910
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