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Non-Linear Time History Analysis of Tall Steel Moment Frame Buildings in LS-DYNA

Molina Hutt, C; (2013) Non-Linear Time History Analysis of Tall Steel Moment Frame Buildings in LS-DYNA. In: 9th European LS-DYNA Conference 2013. DYNALook: Manchester, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Non-linear time history analyses were carried out in LS-DYNA in order to assess the seismic performance of existing tall steel moment resisting framed buildings. Ground motion earthquake records representative of the Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE) hazard level defined in current building codes were utilized in the analysis. A number of different component models were utilized to capture the complex non-linear elements of the structure: beams, columns, panel zones and splices. Both beam and column elements were modeled using the Belytschko-Schwer element formulation with lumped plasticity at both ends of the resultant beam. Columns elements captured interaction between bi-axial bending moment and axial force, buckling in compression and degradation parameters for response under cyclic loads calibrated to match experimental tests results. Beams elements captured implicit degradation in bending and random fracture at the connections. The random fracture was modeled such that plastic rotation at fracture occurred as a random variable characterized by a truncated normal distribution following results from experimental testing. Panel zones and column splices were modeled with discrete elements and general nonlinear translational and rotational springs. Panel zones were modeled using the Krawinkler model by means of an assembly of rigid links and rotational springs to capture the tri-linear shear force-deformation relationship of the joint. Column splices were modeled as non-linear springs capable of reaching their nominal capacity with a sudden brittle failure in axial tension and/or bending and full capacity in compression as observed in experiments. The paper briefly discusses the advantages and limitations of utilizing an explicit solver in simulating the non-linear dynamic response of structural systems and components.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Non-Linear Time History Analysis of Tall Steel Moment Frame Buildings in LS-DYNA
Event: 9th European LS-DYNA Conference
Location: Manchester, UK
Dates: 2013-06-02 - 2013-06-04
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.dynalook.com/9th-european-ls-dyna-confe...
Language: English
Additional information: © 2013 Copyright by Arup
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1409856
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