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Olfactory Ensheathing Cells Rescue Optic Nerve Fibers in a Rat Glaucoma Model

Dai, C; Khaw, PT; Yin, ZQ; Li, D; Raisman, G; Li, Y; (2012) Olfactory Ensheathing Cells Rescue Optic Nerve Fibers in a Rat Glaucoma Model. Translational Vision Science & Technology , 1 (2) , Article 3. 10.1167/tvst.1.2.3.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine if transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) can reduce loss of optic nerve axons after raised intraocular pressure (IOP) in the rat. METHODS: OECs cultured from the adult olfactory mucosa were transplanted into the region of the optic disc. The IOP was raised by injection of magnetic microspheres into the anterior chamber. RESULTS: At 4 weeks after raising the IOP, the transplanted OECs had migrated into the dorsal area of the optic nerve head (ONH) where they surrounded the optic nerve fibers with a non-myelinated ensheathment. The mean amount of damage to the ONH astrocytic area in rats was 51.0% compared with 85.8% in those without OEC transplants (P < 0.02) and the mean loss of axons in the optic nerve was 51.0% compared with 80.3% in the absence of OECs (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: OECs transplanted into the region of the ONH of the rat can reduce the loss of axons and the damage to ONH astrocytes caused by raised IOP. TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: Confirmation of these preliminary experimental data, further understanding of possible mechanisms of axonal protection by OECs, and the longer-term time course of protection could provide a basis for future human clinical trials of autografted OECs, which would be available from autologous nasal epithelial biopsies.

Type: Article
Title: Olfactory Ensheathing Cells Rescue Optic Nerve Fibers in a Rat Glaucoma Model
DOI: 10.1167/tvst.1.2.3
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/tvst.1.2.3
Language: English
Keywords: lamina cribrosa, olfactory ensheathing cells, optic nerve head, transplantation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1407086
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