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A New Approach of Personality and Psychiatric Disorders: A Short Version of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales

Pingault, JB; Falissard, B; Côté, S; Berthoz, S; (2012) A New Approach of Personality and Psychiatric Disorders: A Short Version of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. PLoS One , 7 (7) , Article e41489. 10.1371/journal.pone.0041489. Green open access

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Abstract

Background The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) is an instrument designed to assess endophenotypes related to activity in the core emotional systems that have emerged from affective neuroscience research. It operationalizes six emotional endophenotypes with empirical evidence derived from ethology, neural analyses and pharmacology: PLAYFULNESS/joy, SEEKING/interest, CARING/nurturance, ANGER/rage, FEAR/anxiety, and SADNESS/separation distress. We aimed to provide a short version of this questionnaire (ANPS-S). Methodology/Principal Findings We used a sample of 830 young French adults which was randomly split into two subsamples. The first subsample was used to select the items for the short scales. The second subsample and an additional sample of 431 Canadian adults served to evaluate the psychometric properties of the short instrument. The ANPS-S was similar to the long version regarding intercorrelations between the scales and gender differences. The ANPS-S had satisfactory psychometric properties, including factorial structure, unidimensionality of all scales, and internal consistency. The scores from the short version were highly correlated with the scores from the long version. Conclusions/Significance The short ANPS proves to be a promising instrument to assess endophenotypes for psychiatrically relevant science.

Type: Article
Title: A New Approach of Personality and Psychiatric Disorders: A Short Version of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041489
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041489
Language: English
Additional information: © 2012 Pingault et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. PMCID: PMC3406066
Keywords: Adult, Canada, Female, France, Humans, Male, Personality Disorders, Personality Tests, Psychometrics, Sex Characteristics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1405925
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