UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Open vs. closed skill sports and the modulation of inhibitory control

Wang, CH; Chang, CC; Liang, YM; Shih, CM; Chiu, WS; Tseng, P; Hung, DL; ... Juan, CH; + view all (2013) Open vs. closed skill sports and the modulation of inhibitory control. PLoS One , 8 (2) , Article e55773. 10.1371/journal.pone.0055773. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
journal.pone.0055773.pdf

Download (527kB)

Abstract

Background Inhibitory control, or the ability to suppress planned but inappropriate prepotent actions in the current environment, plays an important role in the control of human performance. Evidence from empirical studies utilizing a sport-specific design has shown that athletes have superior inhibitory control. However, less is known about whether this superiority might (1) still be seen in a general cognitive task without a sport-related context; (2) be modulated differentially by different sporting expertise (e.g., tennis versus swimming). Methodology/Principal Findings Here we compared inhibitory control across tennis players, swimmers and sedentary non-athletic controls using a stop-signal task without a sport-specific design. Our primary finding showed that tennis players had shorter stop-signal reaction times (SSRTs) when compared to swimmers and sedentary controls, whereas no difference was found between swimmers and sedentary controls. Importantly, this effect was further confirmed after considering potential confounding factors (e.g., BMI, training experience, estimated levels of physical activity and VO2max), indicative of better ability to inhibit unrequired responses in tennis players. Conclusions/Significance This suggests that fundamental inhibitory control in athletes can benefit from open skill training. Sport with both physical and cognitive demands may provide a potential clinical intervention for those who have difficulties in inhibitory control.

Type: Article
Title: Open vs. closed skill sports and the modulation of inhibitory control
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055773
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055773
Language: English
Additional information: © 2013 Wang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. PMCID: PMC3572130
Keywords: Adolescent, Humans, Inhibition (Psychology), Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Swimming, Tennis, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1405582
Downloads since deposit
161Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item