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An INGO’s participatory practice in informing CBR guidelines: Ghanaian and Ugandan experiences.

Wickenden, M; Mulligan, D; Fefoame, GO; Katende, P; (2012) An INGO’s participatory practice in informing CBR guidelines: Ghanaian and Ugandan experiences. African Journal of Disability , 1 (1) , Article a1. 10.4102/ajod.v1i1.1. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The focus of this paper is the new broadened conceptualisation of community-based rehabilitation (CBR), which promotes the empowerment and inclusion of people with disabilities (PWDs) in diverse ways within their communities. New guidelines for CBR were launched in October 2010 by WHO/ILO/UNESCO/IDDC, and this paper describes part of the process by which these were produced using participatory approaches involving International Non-Government Organisations (INGOs) and local partners. The paper reviews the evolution of CBR and describes how grassroots consultation by INGOs working with key stakeholders in the disability arena can influence policy on disability issues, and reciprocally how policy change can inform organisations’ practice and research activities. This ongoing bidirectional influence is illustrated with data from the participatory consultation process about the new CBR guidelines carried out by Sightsavers in Uganda and Ghana OBJECTIVES: To consult with key stakeholders in the disability arena in Uganda and Ghana, in order to gain their opinions and suggestions for improvements to the then draft CBR guidelines, as part of a wider global participatory process of consultation on the document. METHODS: The INGO Sightsavers gathered qualitative data through focus group discussions and questionnaires in both countries. RESULTS: The participants’ critiques of the draft guidelines carried out in multiagency participatory processes were analysed thematically and fed back to the CBR guidelines editorial team. CONCLUSION: The paper concludes that stakeholders in diverse communities can actively contribute to shaping policy and practice through participatory consultations. Local and national government and non-government organisations and other key informants can inform the development of national and international guidelines and policies. This participatory approach can be successfully facilitated by INGOs. In turn, these processes have prompted organisations to adapt their own policies and programmes in order to be more responsive to the local needs and concerns of PWDs.

Type: Article
Title: An INGO’s participatory practice in informing CBR guidelines: Ghanaian and Ugandan experiences.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.4102/ajod.v1i1.1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v1i1.1
Language: English
Additional information: © 2012. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: community based rehabilitation; inclusive studies;conceptualisation of new guidelines
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1402399
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