UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Health impacts of free bus travel for young people: evaluation of a natural experiment in London

Edwards, P; Steinbach, R; Green, J; Petticrew, M; Goodman, A; Jones, A; Roberts, H; ... Wilkinson, P; + view all (2013) Health impacts of free bus travel for young people: evaluation of a natural experiment in London. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , 67 (8) pp. 641-647. 10.1136/jech-2012-202156. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Roberts_Health impacts of free bus travel_JECH_prepublication.pdf - Accepted version

Download (152kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: We used the introduction of free bus travel for young people in London in 2005 as a natural experiment with which to assess its effects on active travel, car use, road traffic injuries, assaults, and on one measure of social inclusion, total number of trips made. / Methods: A controlled before–after analysis was conducted. We estimated trips by mode and distances travelled in the preintroduction and postintroduction periods using data from London Travel Demand Surveys. We estimated rates of road traffic injury and assault in each period using STATS19 data and Hospital Episode Statistics, respectively. We estimated the ratio of change in the target age group (12–17 years) to the change in adults (ages 25–59 years), with 95% CIs. / Results: The proportion of short trips travelled by bus by young people increased postintroduction. There was no evidence for an increase in the total number of bus trips or distance travelled by bus by young people attributable to the intervention. The proportion of short trips by walking decreased, but there was no evidence for any change to total distance walked. Car trips declined in both age groups, although distance travelled by car decreased more in young people. Road casualty rates declined, but the pre–post ratio of change was greater in young people than adults (ratio of ratios 0.84; 95% CI 0.82 to 0.87). Assaults increased and the ratio of change was greater in young people (1.20; 1.13 to 1.27). The frequency of all trips by young people was unchanged, both in absolute terms and relative to adults. / Conclusions: The introduction of free bus travel for young people had little impact on active travel overall and shifted some travel from car to buses that could help broader environmental objectives.

Type: Article
Title: Health impacts of free bus travel for young people: evaluation of a natural experiment in London
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2012-202156
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-202156
Language: English
Keywords: science & technology, life sciences & biomedicine, public, environmental & occupational health, public, environmental & occupational health, sci, public, environmental & occupational health, SSCI, traffic, physical activity, injuries, violence, social inequalities, physical-activity, public transport, active travel, England, obesity, walking, transit, costs
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1402366
Downloads since deposit
52Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item