UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A clinical study of the neuropsychological outcome comparing Cardioplegic arrest Versus Intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation as myocardial protection techniques in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

Suvarna, SH; (2013) A clinical study of the neuropsychological outcome comparing Cardioplegic arrest Versus Intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation as myocardial protection techniques in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Doctoral thesis (PhD), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Sujeeth_SUVARNA.Thesis_redacted.pdf]
Preview
Text
Sujeeth_SUVARNA.Thesis_redacted.pdf

Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: A randomized clinical trial seeking evidence as to whether cardioplegic arrest (CA) or intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation (ICCF) method of myocardial protection technique would have any effect on the post-operative neuropsychological outcome in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: One hundred and ninety-five patients were randomized to either CA or ICCF as the method of myocardial protection technique. Cerebral microemboli (ME) during surgery were recorded by transcranial Doppler monitor over the right middle cerebral artery. Evidence of cerebral impairment was obtained by comparing the patients’ performance in a neuropsychological test battery (9 tests) administered 6-8 weeks post-operatively with their pre-operative scores. Results: The groups proved well balanced in pre-operative variables. During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) the median number and range of microemboli was 110 (1-1306) in the CA group compared to 105 (9-1757) for the ICCF group (p<0.567). One hundred and seventy-seven patients completed all the neuropsychological tests. The difference between the two groups did not reach significance (p=0.326, 2 tailed t test). Conclusion: Given the similarity of effect in CA and ICCF techniques on the generation of ME and neuropsychological outcomes during CABG surgery, this investigation suggests that other than the myocardial protection technique analysed, there are other multiple causes that need to be studied.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: PhD
Title: A clinical study of the neuropsychological outcome comparing Cardioplegic arrest Versus Intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation as myocardial protection techniques in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Third party copyright material has been removed from ethesis.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > VP: Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > VP: Health > Clinical Research Support Centre
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1400568
Downloads since deposit
55Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item