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Increased apical Na+ permeability in cystic fibrosis is supported by a quantitative model of epithelial ion transport.

O'Donoghue, DL; Dua, V; Moss, GW; Vergani, P; (2013) Increased apical Na+ permeability in cystic fibrosis is supported by a quantitative model of epithelial ion transport. Journal of Physiology , 591 (15) 3681-3692.. 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.253955. Green open access

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Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the Cystic Fibrosis Trans-membrane conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene, which encodes an anion channel. In the human lung CFTR loss causes abnormal ion transport across airway epithelial cells. As a result CF individuals produce thick mucus, suffer persistent bacterial infections and have a much reduced life expectancy. Trans-epithelial potential difference (Vt) measurements are routinely carried out on nasal epithelia of CF patients in the clinic. CF epithelia exhibit a hyperpolarised basal Vt and a larger Vt change in response to amiloride (a blocker of the epithelial Na(+) channel, ENaC). Are these altered bioelectric properties solely a result of electrical coupling between the ENaC and CFTR currents, or are they due to an increased ENaC permeability associated with CFTR loss? To examine these issues we have developed a quantitative mathematical model of human nasal epithelial ion transport. We find that while the loss of CFTR permeability hyperpolarises Vt and also increases amiloride-sensitive Vt, these effects are too small to account for the magnitude of change observed in CF epithelia. Instead, a parallel increase in ENaC permeability is required to adequately fit observed experimental data. Our study provides quantitative predictions for the complex relationships between ionic permeabilities and nasal Vt, giving insights into the physiology of CF disease that have important implications for CF therapy.

Type: Article
Title: Increased apical Na+ permeability in cystic fibrosis is supported by a quantitative model of epithelial ion transport.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.253955
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2013.253955
Language: English
Additional information: This work is made available under a Creative Commons license.
Keywords: Cystic fibrosis, Epithelial transport, Mathematical model
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1396469
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