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Locomotion controls spatial integration in mouse visual cortex.

Ayaz, A; Saleem, AB; Schölvinck, ML; Carandini, M; (2013) Locomotion controls spatial integration in mouse visual cortex. Current Biology , 23 (10) 890 - 894. 10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.012. Green open access

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Abstract

Growing evidence indicates that responses in sensory cortex are modulated by factors beyond direct sensory stimulation. In primary visual cortex (V1), for instance, responses increase with locomotion. Here we show that this increase is accompanied by a profound change in spatial integration. We recorded from V1 neurons in head-fixed mice placed on a spherical treadmill. We characterized spatial integration and found that the responses of most neurons were suppressed by large stimuli. As in primates, this surround suppression increased with stimulus contrast. These effects were captured by a divisive normalization model, where the numerator originates from a central region driving the neuron and the denominator originates from a larger suppressive field. We then studied the effects of locomotion and found that it markedly reduced surround suppression, allowing V1 neurons to integrate over larger regions of visual space. Locomotion had two main effects: it increased spontaneous activity, and it weakened the suppressive signals mediating normalization, relative to the driving signals. We conclude that a fundamental aspect of visual processing, spatial integration, is controlled by an apparently unrelated factor, locomotion. This control might operate through the mechanisms that are in place to deliver surround suppression.

Type: Article
Title: Locomotion controls spatial integration in mouse visual cortex.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.012
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.012
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. PMCID: PMC3661981
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1393859
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