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Pure and social disparities in distribution of dentists: a cross-sectional province-based study in Iran

Kiadaliri, AA; Hosseinpour, R; Haghparast-Bidgoli, H; Gerdtham, UG; (2013) Pure and social disparities in distribution of dentists: a cross-sectional province-based study in Iran. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 10 (5) 1882 -1894. 10.3390/ijerph10051882. Green open access

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Abstract

During past decades, the number of dentists has continuously increased in Iran. Beside the quantity, the distribution of dentists affects the oral health status of population. The current study aimed to assess the pure and social disparities in distribution of dentists across the provinces in Iran in 2009. Data on provinces' characteristics, including population and social situation, were obtained from multiple sources. The disparity measures (including Gini coefficient, index of dissimilarity, Gaswirth index of disparity and relative index of inequality (RII)) and pairwise correlations were used to evaluate the pure and social disparities in the number of dentists in Iran. On average, there were 28 dentists per 100,000 population in the country. There were substantial pure disparities in the distribution of dentists across the provinces in Iran. The unadjusted and adjusted RII values were 3.82 and 2.13, respectively; indicating area social disparity in favor of people in better-off provinces. There were strong positive correlations between density of dentists and better social rank. It is suggested that the results of this study should be considered in conducting plans for redistribution of dentists in the country. In addition, further analyses are needed to explain these disparities.

Type: Article
Title: Pure and social disparities in distribution of dentists: a cross-sectional province-based study in Iran
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10051882
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10051882
Language: English
Additional information: © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). PMCID: PMC3709354
Keywords: Cross-Sectional Studies, Dentists, Geography, Iran, Socioeconomic Factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1393672
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