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Diabetic foot disease and oedema

Ho, TK; Tsui, J; Leigh, RD; (2013) Diabetic foot disease and oedema. British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease , 13 (1) 45 - 50. 10.1177/1474651412472213. Green open access

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Abstract

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are common and disabling, giving rise to significant morbidity and mortality as well as worldwide socioeconomic problems. Despite treatment, DFUs readily become chronic wounds and may lead to major lower limb amputations. The pathogenesis of DFUs is complex and the main aetiologies are peripheral neuropathy, ischaemia from peripheral arterial disease and biomechanical abnormalities. Microvascular disease is also a significant problem for people with diabetes and contributes to foot ulceration. Successful management of DFUs consists of debridement, infection control, the use of offloading appliances and revascularisation where necessary. Foot ulcers are usually associated with infection and inflammation which lead to surrounding oedema of the foot. Standard offloading devices such as total contact casts and removable cast walkers do not actively reduce foot oedema. There is promising evidence that active oedema reduction by intermittent pneumatic compression in the diabetic foot improves ulcer healing. The objective of this article is to review the association of foot oedema and DFUs, including the role of appliances which reduce oedema. The information presented is vital to those involved in the management of DFUs. © The Author(s) 2012.

Type: Article
Title: Diabetic foot disease and oedema
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1474651412472213
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474651412472213
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page(http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).
Keywords: diabetic foot ulcers; intermittent pneumatic compression; oedema;
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1392236
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