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Energy and urban built form: an empirical and statistical approach

Steadman, P; Hamilton, I; Evans, S; (2014) Energy and urban built form: an empirical and statistical approach. BUILDING RESEARCH AND INFORMATION , 42 (1) 17 - 31. 10.1080/09613218.2013.808140. Green open access

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Abstract

The geometrical forms of buildings have important effects on their use of energy. These relationships are explored at the scale of the entire non-domestic building stock of London. A three-dimensional digital model of the city is used to make a series of geometrical measures: building volume, exposed surface area (walls plus roof) and plan depth. These are compared with figures for the consumption of gas and electricity published by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). The comparisons are made at different levels of spatial aggregation, from boroughs to census districts. Strong correlations are demonstrated between exposed surface area and both gas and electricity use. The analysis also provides some evidence of a sharp increase in electricity use in districts with buildings whose depth in plan exceeds 14 m (in which air-conditioning and permanent artificial lighting are typically required). A multiple regression model is used to measure the contribution of these effects to total energy use, as compared with floor area, activities and number of employees.

Type: Article
Title: Energy and urban built form: an empirical and statistical approach
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2013.808140
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2013.808140
Additional information: © 2013 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.
Keywords: building form, building geometry, building stock, electricity use, energy demand, exposed surface area, gas use, non-domestic, plan depth
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1391708
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