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The impact of the London Olympic Parkland on the urban heat island

(2014) The impact of the London Olympic Parkland on the urban heat island. JOURNAL OF BUILDING PERFORMANCE SIMULATION , 7 (2) 119 - 132. 10.1080/19401493.2013.791343. Green open access

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Abstract

The London Olympic Parkland represents a substantial area of redevelopment with the potential to significantly modify urban temperatures. This paper illustrates a neighbourhood-scale model of the type that can be used to analyse the impact of large developments on the urban heat island, using the London Olympic Parkland as an example. Using the Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System Temperature and Humidity model, the impact of the urban surfaces for the Parkland area (∼16 km2) is modelled at a 400m2 grid resolution for the pre-Olympic, Olympic and Legacy periods. Temperature perturbations from upwind values are simulated for the periods to estimate the contribution the Parkland has on local air temperatures. The results illustrate the impact that large impermeable features such as the concourse might have on increased air temperatures during Olympic period design conditions. In comparison, a Legacy scenario shows temperature reductions from the pre-Olympic period due to an increase in vegetation coverage.

Type: Article
Title: The impact of the London Olympic Parkland on the urban heat island
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/19401493.2013.791343
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19401493.2013.791343
Additional information: © 2013 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.
Keywords: urban heat island, air temperature, urban form, master plan, mitigation, atmospheric modelling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1388917
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