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The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence.

Weil, LG; Fleming, SM; Dumontheil, I; Kilford, EJ; Weil, RS; Rees, G; Dolan, RJ; (2013) The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence. Conscious Cogn , 22 (1) 264 - 271. 10.1016/j.concog.2013.01.004. Green open access

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Abstract

Introspection, or metacognition, is the capacity to reflect on our own thoughts and behaviours. Here, we investigated how one specific metacognitive ability (the relationship between task performance and confidence) develops in adolescence, a period of life associated with the emergence of self-concept and enhanced self-awareness. We employed a task that dissociates objective performance on a visual task from metacognitive ability in a group of 56 participants aged between 11 and 41 years. Metacognitive ability improved significantly with age during adolescence, was highest in late adolescence and plateaued going into adulthood. Our results suggest that awareness of one's own perceptual decisions shows a prolonged developmental trajectory during adolescence.

Type: Article
Title: The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.01.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2013.01.004
Language: English
Additional information: �© 2013 Elsevier Inc. Open access under CC BY license. PMCID: PMC3719211
Keywords: Adolescent, Adolescent Psychology, Adult, Age Factors, Analysis of Variance, Cognition, Female, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Male, ROC Curve, Self Concept, Sex Factors, Theory of Mind, Visual Perception, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1385451
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