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Life cycle assessment (LCA) of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle IBGCC with CO2 removal

Carpentieri, M; Corti, A; Lombardi, L; (2005) Life cycle assessment (LCA) of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle IBGCC with CO2 removal. ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT , 46 (11-12) 1790 - 1808. 10.1016/j.enconman.2004.08.010. Green open access

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Abstract

Based on the results of previous studies, the efficiency of a Brayton/Hirn combined cycle fuelled with a clean syngas produced by means of biomass gasification and equipped with CO2 removal by chemical absorption reached 33.94%, considering also the separate CO2 compression process. The specific CO2 emission of the power plant was 178 kg/MW h. In comparison with values previously found for an integrated coal gasification combined cycle (ICGCC) with upstream CO2 chemical absorption (38–39% efficiency, 130 kg/MW h specific CO2 emissions), this configuration seems to be attractive because of the possibility of operating with a simplified scheme and because of the possibility of using biomass in a more efficient way with respect to conventional systems. In this paper, a life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted with presenting the results on the basis of the Eco-Indicator 95 impact assessment methodology. Further, a comparison with the results previously obtained for the LCA of the ICGCC was performed in order to highlight the environmental impact of biomass production with fossil fuels utilisation. The LCA shows the important environmental advantages of biomass utilisation in terms of reduction of both greenhouse gas emissions and natural resource depletion, although an improved impact assessment methodology may better highlight the advantages due to the biomass utilisation.

Type: Article
Title: Life cycle assessment (LCA) of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle IBGCC with CO2 removal
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2004.08.010
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2004.08.010
Language: English
Keywords: LCA analysis, biomass gasification, CO2 removal, coal gasification
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1383726
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