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Speechreading Development in Deaf and Hearing Children: Introducing the Test of Child Speechreading

Kyle, FE; Campbell, R; Mohammed, T; Coleman, M; MacSweeney, M; (2013) Speechreading Development in Deaf and Hearing Children: Introducing the Test of Child Speechreading. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research , 56 (2) pp. 416-426. 10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0039). Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: In this article, the authors describe the development of a new instrument, the Test of Child Speechreading (ToCS), which was specifically designed for use with deaf and hearing children. Speechreading is a skill that is required for deaf children to access the language of the hearing community. ToCS is a deaf-friendly, computer-based test that measures child speechreading (silent lipreading) at 3 psycholinguistic levels: (a) Words, (b) Sentences, and (c) Short Stories. The aims of the study were to standardize the ToCS with deaf and hearing children and to investigate the effects of hearing status, age, and linguistic complexity on speechreading ability. / Method: Eighty-six severely and profoundly deaf children and 91 hearing children participated. All children were between the ages of 5 and 14 years. The deaf children were from a range of language and communication backgrounds, and their preferred mode of communication varied. / Results: Speechreading skills significantly improved with age for both groups of children. There was no effect of hearing status on speechreading ability, and children from both groups showed similar performance across all subtests of the ToCS. / Conclusion: The ToCS is a valid and reliable assessment of speechreading ability in school-age children that can be used to measure individual differences in performance in speechreading ability.

Type: Article
Title: Speechreading Development in Deaf and Hearing Children: Introducing the Test of Child Speechreading
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0039)
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0039)
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2013. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: science & technology, social sciences, life sciences & biomedicine, audiology & speech-language pathology, linguistics, rehabilitation, audiology & speech-language pathology, linguistics, rehabilitation, SCI, rehabilitation, SSCI, deafness, speech perception, children, development, lipreading, speechreading, visual speech-perception, phonetic information, auditory-cortex, infants, individuals, lips, distinctiveness, impairment, activation, lexicon
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1382732
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