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Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison.

Marlow, LA; Zimet, GD; McCaffery, KJ; Ostini, R; Waller, J; (2012) Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison. Vaccine , 31 (5) 763 - 769. 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.083. Green open access

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Abstract

Since vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) became available, awareness of HPV has dramatically increased. Implementation of a vaccine program varies internationally yet no studies have explored the influence this has on the public's knowledge of HPV. The present study aimed to explore differences in awareness of HPV and HPV knowledge across three countries: The US, UK and Australia. Participants (n=2409) completed a validated measure of HPV knowledge as part of an online survey. There were higher levels of HPV awareness among men and women in the US than the UK and Australia. Being male and having a lower educational level was associated with lower HPV awareness in all three countries. Awareness of HPV vaccine was higher in women from the US than the UK and Australia. Women in the US scored significantly higher on general HPV knowledge (on a 15-item scale) than women in the UK and Australia, but there were no between country differences in HPV vaccine knowledge (on a 6-item scale). When asked about country-specific vaccine availability, participants in the US were less able to identify the correct answers than participants in the UK and Australia. More than half of participants did not know: HPV can cause genital warts; most sexually active people will get HPV at some point in their life; or HPV doesn't usually need treatment. Pharmaceutical advertising campaigns could explain why awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine is higher in the US and this has helped to get some important messages across. Significant gaps in HPV knowledge remain across all three countries.

Type: Article
Title: Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison.
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.083
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.083
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Australia, Female, Great Britain, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Papillomavirus Infections, Papillomavirus Vaccines, Questionnaires, United States, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms, Vaccination, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1381513
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