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Biochemical engineering nerve conduits using peptide amphiphiles.

Tan, A; Rajadas, J; Seifalian, AM; (2012) Biochemical engineering nerve conduits using peptide amphiphiles. Journal of Controlled Release , 163 (3) 342 - 352. 10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.08.009. Green open access

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Peripheral nerve injury is a debilitating condition. The gold standard for treatment is surgery, requiring an autologous nerve graft. Grafts are harvested from another part of the body (a secondary site) to treat the affected primary area. However, autologous nerve graft harvesting is not without risks, with associated problems including injury to the secondary site. Research into biomaterials has engendered the use of bioartificial nerve conduits as an alternative to autologous nerve grafts. These include synthetic and artificial materials, which can be manufactured into nerve conduits using techniques inspired by nanotechnology. Recent evidence indicates that peptide amphiphiles (PAs) are promising candidates for use as materials for bioengineering nerve conduits. PAs are biocompatible and biodegradable protein-based nanomaterials, capable of self-assembly in aqueous solutions. Their self-assembly system, coupled with their intrinsic capacity for carrying bioactive epitopes for tissue regeneration, form particularly novel attributes for biochemically-engineered materials. Furthermore, PAs can function as biomimetic materials and advanced drug delivery platforms for sustained and controlled release of a plethora of therapeutic agents. Here we review the realm of nerve conduit tissue engineering and the potential for PAs as viable materials in this exciting and rapidly advancing field.

Type: Article
Title: Biochemical engineering nerve conduits using peptide amphiphiles.
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.08.009
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.08.009
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Animals, Bioengineering, Biomimetic Materials, Humans, Nerve Regeneration, Peptides, Tissue Engineering
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1373251
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