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An investigation to validate the grammar and phonology screening (GAPS) test to identify children with specific language impairment.

van der Lely, HK; Payne, E; McClelland, A; (2011) An investigation to validate the grammar and phonology screening (GAPS) test to identify children with specific language impairment. PLOS One , 6 (7) , Article e22432. 10.1371/journal.pone.0022432. Green open access

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Abstract

The extraordinarily high incidence of grammatical language impairments in developmental disorders suggests that this uniquely human cognitive function is "fragile". Yet our understanding of the neurobiology of grammatical impairments is limited. Furthermore, there is no "gold-standard" to identify grammatical impairments and routine screening is not undertaken. An accurate screening test to identify grammatical abilities would serve the research, health and education communities, further our understanding of developmental disorders, and identify children who need remediation, many of whom are currently un-diagnosed. A potential realistic screening tool that could be widely administered is the Grammar and Phonology Screening (GAPS) test--a 10 minute test that can be administered by professionals and non-professionals alike. Here we provide a further step in evaluating the validity and accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of the GAPS test in identifying children who have Specific Language Impairment (SLI).

Type: Article
Title: An investigation to validate the grammar and phonology screening (GAPS) test to identify children with specific language impairment.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022432
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022432
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 van der Lely et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study and EP were supported by Speech and Language Therapy managers in Berkshire East Community Health Services and the Education and Training Department in Berkshire East Primary Care Trust. Further support for this study was provided by the Wellcome Trust (grant number 063713), the ESRC grant (RES-000-23-0575), and the Education, Audiovisual and Cultural Executive Agency of the European Research Council-7th Programme grant ("Cross-linguistic language diagnosis" 135295-LLP-1-2007-1-UK-KA1-KA1SCR) awarded to HvdL. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.
Keywords: Case-Control Studies, Child, Child Language, Child, Preschool, Humans, Language Development Disorders, Language Tests, Linguistics, Mass Screening, Phonetics, Reading, Sensitivity and Specificity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1362534
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