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Offenses around Stadiums: A Natural Experiment on Crime Attraction and Generation

Kurland, J; Johnson, SD; Tilley, N; (2014) Offenses around Stadiums: A Natural Experiment on Crime Attraction and Generation. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY , 51 (1) 5 - 28. 10.1177/0022427812471349. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: Inspired by ecological theories of crime, the aim of this study was to make use of a natural experiment to see if a U.K. soccer stadium generates or attracts crime in the area that surrounds it. Method: Data for theft and violent crime around Wembley stadium are analyzed to see if the rate (per-unit time and ambient population) of crime differ for days on which the stadium is used and those it is not. In addition, differences in the spatial and temporal distribution of crime are examined for these two types of days. Results: Analyses indicate that on days when the stadium is used, the rate of crime per-unit time is elevated, but that the rate per ambient population at risk is not. The spatial and temporal pattern of crime also clearly differs for the two types of days. For example, the level of crime is elevated in the surrounding area when the stadium is used relative to when it is not. Conclusions. The case study suggests that the facility studied contributes to levels of crime in the area that surrounds it. The research provides further support for ecological theories of crime and their utility in informing criminological understanding and policy-related questions.

Type: Article
Title: Offenses around Stadiums: A Natural Experiment on Crime Attraction and Generation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0022427812471349
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022427812471349
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2013. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).
Keywords: measurement, crime, policy crime, criminological theory, routine activity theory, criminological theory, quantitative research, research methods
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1360137
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