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Malevolent Creativity in Terrorist Organizations

Gill, P; Horgan, J; Hunter, S; Cushenbery, L; (2013) Malevolent Creativity in Terrorist Organizations. The Journal of Creative Behavior , 47 (2) pp. 125-151. 10.1002/jocb.28. Green open access

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Abstract

Terrorist organizations are both imitative and innovative in character. While the drivers of imitation have been extensively modeled using concepts such as contagion and diffusion, creativity and innovation remain relatively underdeveloped ideas in the context of terrorist behavior. This article seeks to redress this deficiency by presenting a conceptual framework with which we can understand the complex nature and multiple drivers of creativity and innovation within terrorist organizations. The overriding questions we address are: what factors spark creativity and innovation within terrorist organizations, and are there particular organizational traits that increase an organization's propensity to be creative and innovative? Using insights from industrial and organizational psychology and aided by illustrative examples and case studies from the history of terrorism, we aim to show that the multiple drivers of creativity and innovation are identifiable. By providing a conceptual framework that explores these key issues, we suggest that a much clearer research agenda for these issues may emerge. We conclude with a discussion concerning how our framework can help inform counter-terrorism practices.

Type: Article
Title: Malevolent Creativity in Terrorist Organizations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/jocb.28
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jocb.28
Additional information: © 2013 by the Creative Education Foundation, Inc. Full text made available to UCL Discovery by kind permission of Wiley.
Keywords: creativity; malevolent; terrorism; innovation;
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1360091
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