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The A53T alpha-synuclein mutation increases iron-dependent aggregation and toxicity

Ostrerova-Golts, N; Petrucelli, L; Hardy, J; Lee, JM; Farer, M; Wolozin, B; (2000) The A53T alpha-synuclein mutation increases iron-dependent aggregation and toxicity. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE , 20 (16) 6048 - 6054. Green open access

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Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common motor disorder affecting the elderly. PD is characterized by the formation of Lewy bodies and death of dopaminergic neurons. The mechanisms underlying PD are unknown, but the discoveries that mutations in alpha-synuclein can cause familial PD and that alpha-synuclein accumulates in Lewy bodies suggest that alpha-synuclein participates in the pathophysiology of PD. Using human BE-M17 neuroblastoma cells overexpressing wild-type, A53T, or A30P alpha-synuclein, we now show that iron and free radical generators, such as dopamine or hydrogen peroxide, stimulate the production of intracellular aggregates that contain alpha-synuclein and ubiquitin. The aggregates can be identified by immunocytochemistry, electron microscopy, or the histochemical stain thioflavine S. The amount of aggregation occurring in the cells is dependent on the amount of alpha-synuclein expressed and the type of alpha-synuclein expressed, with the amount of alpha-synuclein aggregation following a rank order of A53T > A30P > wild-type > untransfected. In addition to stimulating aggregate formation, alpha-synuclein also appears to induce toxicity. BE-M17 neuroblastoma cells overexpressing alpha-synuclein show up to a fourfold increase in vulnerability to toxicity induced by iron. The vulnerability follows the same rank order as for aggregation. These data raise the possibility that alpha-synuclein acts in concert with iron and dopamine to induce formation of Lewy body pathology in PD and cell death in PD.

Type: Article
Title: The A53T alpha-synuclein mutation increases iron-dependent aggregation and toxicity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: PubMed ID: 10934254 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The license allows you to copy, distribute, and transmit the work, as well as adapting it. However, you must attribute the work to the author (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work), and cannot use the work for commercial purposes without prior permission of the author. If you alter or build upon this work, you can distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.
Keywords: Parkinson's disease, Lewy body, oxidation, neurodegeneration, ubiquitin, dopamine
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1358885
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