UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Association between congenital toxoplasmosis and parent-reported developmental outcomes, concerns, and impairments in 3 year old children

Freeman, K; Salt, A; Prusa, A; Malm, G; Ferret, N; Buffolano, W; Schmidt, D; ... European multicentre study on congenital toxoplasmosis, T; + view all (2005) Association between congenital toxoplasmosis and parent-reported developmental outcomes, concerns, and impairments in 3 year old children. BMC Pediatrics , 5 , Article 23. 10.1186/1471-2431-5-23. Green open access

[thumbnail of 1471-2431-5-23.pdf]
Preview
PDF
1471-2431-5-23.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (278kB)

Abstract

Background: Information is lacking on the effects of congenital toxoplasmosis on development, behavior, and impairment in later childhood, as well as on parental concerns and anxiety. This information is important for counselling parents about the prognosis for an infected child and for policy decisions on screening. Methods: We prospectively studied a cohort of children identified by screening for toxoplasmosis in pregnant women or neonates between 1996 and 2000 in ten European centers. At 3 years of age, parents of children with and without congenital toxoplasmosis were surveyed about their child's development, behavior, and impairment, and about parental concerns and anxiety, using a postal questionnaire. Results: Parents of 178/223 (80%) infected, and 527/821 (64%) uninfected children responded. We found no evidence that impaired development or behavior were more common in infected children, or that any potential effect of congenital toxoplasmosis was masked by prenatal treatment. Parents of infected children were significantly more anxious and reported more visual problems in their children. Conclusion: On average, children aged three to four years with congenital toxoplasmosis identified by screening and treated during infancy in this European setting had risks of abnormal development and behavior similar to uninfected children. Parental anxiety about infected children needs to be addressed by clinicians. Future studies with longer follow up and clinician-administered assessments may be better able to detect any subtle differences in child outcomes.

Type: Article
Title: Association between congenital toxoplasmosis and parent-reported developmental outcomes, concerns, and impairments in 3 year old children
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-5-23
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-5-23
Language: English
Additional information: © 2005 Freeman et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: European, Toxoplasmosis, Association, Children, Congenital, Developmental, Impairment, Multicentre, Outcome, Old
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1353584
Downloads since deposit
139Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item